PRECIOUS CORAL OR RED CORAL( POVALA/MOONGA)
Precious coral or red coral is the common name given to Corallium rubrum and several related species of marine coral. The distinguishing characteristic of precious corals is their durable and intensely colored red or pink skeleton, which is used for making jewellery.
Red corals grow on rocky seabottom with low sedimentation, typically in dark environments—either in the depths or in dark caverns or crevices. The original species, C. rubrum (formerly Gorgonia nobilis), is found mainly in the Mediterranean Sea. It grows at depths from 10 to 300 meters below sea level, although the shallower of these habitats have been largely depleted by harvesting. In the underwater caves of Alghero, Sardinia (the “Coral Riviera”) it grows at depth from 4 to 35 meters. The same species is also found at Atlantic sites near the Strait of Gibraltar, at the Cape Verde Islands and off the coast of Southern Portugal.
red corals have the shape of small leafless bushes and grow up to a meter in height. Their valuable skeleton is composed of intermeshed spicules of hard calcium carbonate, colored in shades of red by carotenoid pigments. In living specimens, the skeletal branches are overlaid with soft bright red integument, from which numerous retractable white polyps protrude. The polyps exhibit octameric radial symmetry. The hard skeleton of red coral branches is naturally matte, but can be polished to a glassy shine. It exhibits a range of warm reddish pink colors from pale pink to deep red; the word coral is also used to name such colors. Owing to its intense and permanent coloration and glossiness, precious coral skeletons have been harvested since antiquity for decorative use. Coral jewellery has been found in ancient Egyptian and prehistoric European burials, and continues to be made to the present day. It was especially popular during the Victorian age.
Precious coral has relative density of 3.86 and hardness 3.5 on the Mohs scale. Due to its softness and opacity, coral is usually cut en cabochon, or used to make beads.
The Red Coral Gemstone also known as Praval or Moonga is the Gemstone of Mars/ Mangal as per Indian Vedic Astrology. Mars is the planet of energy, vitality, blood circulation and ambition and the Red Coral is worn to boost the energy of Mars in the horoscope.
- The first benefit of the Red Coral/ Moonga Gemstone is victory over enemies and adversaries. Since Mars is the god of warfare it gives the necessary courage to overcome obstacles and enemies and ensures victory for the individual.
- The Red Coral benefits in overcoming procrastination and laziness and gives the impetus and the individual to take tasks to their logical conclusion. It helps in overcoming delay.
- Another powerful benefit of the Red Coral is its impact on the mental health. Since it is a robust gemstone it helps in overcoming symptoms of listlessness and mental depression. It gives energy, vigour and hope. The red coral also imparts courage and helps in overcoming fear and nervousness. It is a great gemstone for boosting self esteem.
- Individuals in professions such as army, armed forces, police, doctors especially surgeons, chemicals, weapon manufacture or business, scientists, realty business find the Red Coral to be especially effective and beneficial.
The Red Coral represents Mangalya Balam, Strength of Marriage and long life of the spouse. It protects women from widowhood and should be worn after proper astrological analysis.